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Forschungszentrum Jülich - Annual Report 2012

Soot as a Climate Threat 23 January 2013 | The impact on climate change of soot, which is also referred to as black carbon, is almost twice as great as previously believed. The Swiss daily news- paper Neue Züricher Zeitung and other media report on this finding by an international group of researchers including Forschungszentrum Jülich. This makes soot the second biggest factor contributing to anthropogenic climate warming after carbon dioxide. Network for Plant Research 23 January 2013 | Thomas Rachel, Parliamentary State Secretary to the Federal Minister of Education and Research, announced funding worth more than € 35 mil- lion at the launch of the German Plant Phenotyping Network (DPPN). In addition to Forschungszentrum Jülich, Helmholtz- zentrum München (HMGU) and the Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research at Gatersleben (IPK) are also involved in DPPN. In the network, the partners plan to develop primarily non-invasive technologies for plant research and breeding. Molecular Magnets 24 January 2013 | The journal Nature publishes the results of an international team of researchers including three physicists from Jülich. The scientists have produced a thin layer system made of cobalt and organic molecules that can serve to store information by means of magnetism. They are therefore taking another step towards the vision of molecular spintronics, a technology that could potentially succeed current information technology (see ‘Designing Molecular Data Storage’, p. 32). Europe’s Fastest Computer 14 February 2013 | The supercomputer JUQUEEN is offi- cially put into operation during an event at Forschungs- zentrum Jülich. It has a peak performance of almost six quadrillion arithmetic operations per second and is there- fore the fastest supercomputer in Europe at the time of its launch. It is also one of the most energy-efficient supercom- puters in the world. It was funded by the Helmholtz Associ- ation and – with equal amounts from the federal and state budgets – the Gauss Centre for Supercomputing. Forschungszentrum Jülich | Annual Report 201214