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Forschungszentrum Jülich - Annual Report 2012

Forschungszentrum Jülich | Annual Report 2012 International Cooperations in Energy Research H2IGCC – Turbine technology for the use of hydrogen-rich fuel gases | Gas turbines will be made more efficient in using hydrogen-rich fuel gases formed in so-called integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plants or hydrogen that will be produced from renewable energies in the future. Twenty-four partners from eleven European countries are working on the EU research project H2IGCC. They are optimizing turbine technology for safe and low-emission operation. In the subproject ‘Materials’, Jülich scientists are contributing to the development of thermal barrier coatings, which are characterized by their long lifetime and high robustness. The total budget of the project running from 2009 to 2013 is € 17.8 million. EFFIPRO – EU project for efficient and robust fuel cells | Novel fuel cells with ceramic proton-conducting electrolytes (PC-SOFCs) are to be made available by 2020. To this end, seven project part- ners from five countries are developing stable and robust electrolytes and elec- trodes in the EU project EFFIPRO. The researchers hope that this will make PC-SOFCs one of the most important fuel cell technologies. Their goal is to accelerate practical application of such fuel cells, increase their efficiency by scientists. The infrastructure project launched in late 2011, which is headed by Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), is being funded with € 8 million by the European Commission under the Seventh Framework Programme for Re- search over a period of four years. About half a million has been earmarked for the Institute of Energy and Climate Research at Forschungszentrum Jülich. Collaborative project N-KATH – Tailor- made cathode materials | Longer life- times and a higher performance at low temperatures will help to achieve a breakthrough in solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology. To this end, Jülich researchers and Russian colleagues are working on optimized new materials in the N-KATH collaborative project. The SOFC cathode materials are tailor-made by the Russian partners and then stud- ied and tested by Jülich researchers. The company H.C. Starck Ceramics is another partner in the collaboration and provides the cells for testing. The Feder- al Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) is funding the three-year project with € 440,000. 56 10%, reduce CO2 emissions and, in the long term, drive forward the hydrogen economy. The project was funded by the EU with € 2.5 million from 2009 to 2012. VITI – Tracks for electric current | Topological insulators only behave as an insulator in their interior, while their surfaces and edges conduct electricity, similar to tracks. They could make computers and mobile phones super- fast some day without heating them up. At the Virtual Institute for Topological Insulators (VITI), which was established in 2012, scientists from Germany and China are investigating novel materials with great potential for applications in information technologies. The Helm- holtz Association is funding the project coordinated by Forschungszentrum Jülich with € 600,000 per annum for three to five years. The partners are contributing € 300,000 per annum. H2FC – A network for hydrogen technology | Nineteen partners from all over Europe have joined forces in the H2FC project to form a network of research infrastructures in the area of hydrogen technology and fuel cells. This includes jointly used databases and experimental facilities, as well as coor- dinated training and support for young The optimization of gas turbines for use with hydrogen-rich fuel gases is the objective of the H2IGCC project.