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Forschungszentrum Jülich - Annual Report 2012

Environmentally Friendly Auxiliary Power Unit 19 February 2013 | Jülich scientists present a system with high-temperature polymer electrolyte fuel cells (HT-PEFCs) that supplies trucks with power in a particularly efficient, environmentally friendly, and quiet manner. Operated on diesel or kerosene, this unit delivered an electrical output of 5 kW in tests. Long-distance trucks or refrigerated trucks for frozen goods, for example, require 3 kW to 10 kW of energy for air conditioning and cooling – comparable to the require- ments of a multi-family house. New Simulation Laboratories 26 February 2013 | The Simulation Laboratory (SimLab) Terrestrial Systems is launched. The Simulation Laboratory Neuroscience was already inaugurated in January. The Sim- Lab Terrestrial Systems includes Jülich geoscientists, and the SimLab Neuroscience brain researchers, who in both cases also work on simulation methods and algorithms for supercomputers. Their main task, however, is to help other scientists from their discipline make optimum use of the supercomputers. PET Centre Opened 7 March 2013 | Jülich’s new Centre for Positron Emission Tomography (PET) is inaugurated. It brings together scientists, doctors, and patients under one roof and rapidly incorporates results from neurological research into clinical practice. PET delivers images of the brain that can help to diagnose Alzheimer’s early, to improve the diagnosis of tumours, and to develop new active ingredients. 15 Ozone Layer on the Road to Recovery 28 February 2013 | One of the main results of the EU project RECONCILE, which is now completed, is good news: accord- ing to recent findings, the ozone layer over the North Pole should recover by the end of the century. Scientists from Jülich and their colleagues from 35 research institutions and universities in 14 countries spent four years investigating the chemical process of ozone depletion in great detail.