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Forschungszentrum Jülich - Annual Report 2011

Annual Report 2011 | Forschungszentrum Jülich Fifty Years of Vocational Training 10 October 2011 | “Careers Made in Jülich” was the motto of an event marking fifty years of vocational training at Jülich. Since training was first offered in 1961, about 4,300 trainees have successfully completed vocational training at Forschungs- zentrum Jülich. Together with partners from science, profes- sional associations, educational institutions and politics, Jül- ich has continuously expanded its training programmes (see “Training with Prospects”, p. 48). FAIR Cooperation 17 October 2011 | From 2018 onwards, the accelerator complex FAIR in Darmstadt, which involves more than a doz- en countries, will facilitate innovative experiments on the creation of matter and the development of the universe. FAIR GmbH and Forschungszentrum Jülich signed a cooper- ation agreement. Jülich scientists will design the high-ener- gy storage ring HESR for the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research. HESR will allow experiments on antimatter phys- ics to be conducted. Anti-Glare Protection in the Eye 8 November 2011 | Scientists from Jülich, Tübingen, Olden- burg and Dublin have identified a molecular switch in the eye that prevents sensitivity to glare, even in very little light. The scientists report on this in the current issue of Nature Com- munications. This switch, which is an ion channel, is activat- ed in the sensitive rods – one of two types of visual cells in the eye – when the signal would otherwise be too strong for the neurons (see “Molecular Sunglasses”, p. 32). 13 Mediterranean Partnership 13 October 2011 | At an event attended by the French and German research ministers, a cooperation agreement was signed by research centres in France, the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research and Forschungszentrum Jülich aiming to solve environmental problems in the Mediterrane- an. The French consortium SICMED will join forces with the German TERENO-MED network to investigate the long-term effects of global change on water resources and ecosystems in the Mediterranean.