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Forschungszentrum Jülich - Annual Report 2011

Biocompatible Microelectronics 16 November 2011 | Bioelectronic implants are set to re- place damaged sensory cells in the eye or ear in the future. Researchers from Jülich and Munich published their findings in Advanced Materials, showing that cells and microelectron- ics can be connected successfully using components made of graphene – much more successfully than with convention- al silicon technology. Graphene is a special form of carbon. Keynote Address on Atmosphere 22 November 2011 | “Research between Heaven and Earth” was the topic of the keynote address at the end-of-year event in the Rhineland Regional Museum (LVR-LandesMuse- um) in Bonn. Prof. Andreas Wahner outlined the importance of the role played by trace gases in understanding climate change to around 230 guests from politics, science and in- dustry. Atmospheric researchers at Jülich, for example, work with commercial airlines in an effort to collect as many data as possible on trace gases. Exaflop/s Computer for Europe 1 December 2011 | The EU project DEEP is launched. To- gether with Intel, ParTec and thirteen other European part- ners, Jülich will develop prototypes of a new supercomputer architecture. This architecture should make exaflop/s com- puters a reality by 2020 and ensure that energy consumption and costs do not increase disproportionately. One exaflop/s is equal to a quintillion computing operations per second (see “Computers and the Energy Factor”, p. 22). The Creation of Brain Waves 8 December 2011 | Scientists from Forschungszentrum Jül- ich and the Norwegian University of Life Sciences report in the journal Neuron on a mathematical model that explains the correlations between the activity of neurons in the brain and measurable electrical signals. This will improve the eval- uation of measurement data in future, which in turn will facil- itate more detailed diagnoses of different brain diseases and simplify the selection of appropriate treatments. Forschungszentrum Jülich | Annual Report 201114